Bjelovar is a city located in central Croatia. Its history can be traced back to the Middle Ages when it was first mentioned in historical records dating back to 1413. However, the area around Bjelovar has been inhabited since prehistoric times.
In the 18th century, during the reign of Maria Theresa, the Austrian Empress, Bjelovar went through significant development. The construction of the military fortification called Stari Grad (Old Town) and the settlement adjacent to it marked the beginning of Bjelovar’s urbanization. It served as a strategic defense point against the Ottoman Empire’s frequent incursions into the region.
Bjelovar continued to grow throughout the 19th century as it became the administrative, military, and cultural center of the Bjelovar-Križevci County. The city gained further importance when the railway connection was established in the late 19th century, enhancing its economic and social development.
During World War II, like many other parts of Croatia, Bjelovar suffered under Nazi occupation. The city played a significant role in the resistance movement against the occupiers.
After the war, Bjelovar experienced rapid industrialization, with the establishment of various factories and enterprises. The city became known for its agricultural machinery production, and today it remains an important industrial hub in Croatia.
In recent years, Bjelovar has focused on urban development and improving the quality of life for its residents. The city has preserved its historical landmarks, including the Old Town and the Church of St. Theresa. It also hosts cultural events, exhibitions, and festivals that showcase the region’s rich heritage.
Today, Bjelovar continues to thrive as an important regional center, offering a range of amenities and services to its residents and visitors.
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